From Monday 8 March, a special commission of the National Assembly, composed of seventy-one deputies, will study for fifteen days more than five thousand amendments on the Climate and Resilience Bill. They will have to judge their eligibility. The text will then be examined in plenary from 29 March.
This is a new opportunity for opposition MPs, such as Matthieu Orphelin, to increase the ambition of the text. The deputy of Maine-et-Loire, ex-LREM, also speaks of a “ climate warfare “ in the National Assembly. He presented a hundred amendments and wishes with his proposals “ give the parliamentarians of the majority the opportunity to finally act sufficiently “he said in a press release.
Citizen’s Climate Convention relies on lawmakers to enforce the law
In the last weekend of February, the 150 citizens of the Citizen’s Climate Convention (CCC) had evaluated the inclusion of their proposals in the law. They gave the government a score of 3.3 out of 10, a sign that the “ combat “ is far from won. “ [Le gouvernement] he can always remedy orally with amendments “, had amused one of the citizens. The CCC he relies on parliamentarians to bring climate law closer to his work, largely watered down by the government and lobbies. “ We have made a calculation, out of 149 propositions of CCC, only 18 were selected, deplores Mathilde Panot, a member of the rebel France of Val-de-Marne, and a member of the committee. All the structural measures are missing, in particular the question of forests on which I worked. This is the last text that speaks of the ecology of the mandate of Emmanuel Macron, he who had promised to resume “without filter” the measurements of the CCC… This is why we have proposed so many amendments. “
The special commission, chaired by Laurence Maillart-Méhaignerie, Member of Parliament LREM d’Ille-et-Vilaine, will have to examine a series of unprecedented amendments. For example, 3,500 amendments were presented during the mobility orientation law in 2019, 2,500 for the circular economy law.
- These five thousand amendments presented translate according to Matthieu Orphelin the “ lack of ambition of the text presented by the government “.
The presentation of a record number of amendments, according to Matthieu Orphelin on “ lack of ambition of the text presented by the government “. Other political families have tabled amendments, but not all of them will “ in the right direction “ emphasizes the deputy from Maine-et-Loire. Republicans, for example, did it “ many amendments to remove some of the meager advances in the law “. From the part of LREM, is subject to change “ against the experimentation of vegetarian meals or the tax on fertilizers, a very poorly written article. “
Opposition parliamentarians, however, were able to count on unexpected support. On Wednesday, March 3, several members of the majority tabled amendments calling for the integration of e-commerce stores into the moratorium on commercial zones.
Will the amendments be rejected? ? In any case, the work of undermining has already begun
The commission began its work on February 17 by listening to members of the CCC and ministers like that of the Economy, Bruno Le Maire, or Barbara Pompili, Minister of Ecological Transition. The latter had claimed to do so Reporter what “ he would not accept any drop in ambition in the National Assembly “ concerning the climate law. National Assembly President Richard Ferrand had reacted, in a tweet : “ Laudable intention, it being specified that the Parliament is sovereign in the development and in the vote of the law. “
Laudable intention, it being specified that the Parliament is sovereign in the development and in the vote of the law. https://t.co/7sbWDN6cpC
– Richard Ferrand (@RichardFerrand) February 25, 2021
Opposition MPs fear that a legislative instrument will be used massively to thwart any further ambitions of the text: Article 45, which allows amendments to be declared “ inadmissible “ because it is considered unrelated to the bill. On February 18, responding to a request from Delphine Batho, commission chairman Laurence Maillart-Méhaignerie warned that “ if the amendments were to accept proposals from the Citizens’ Climate Convention without presenting any connection, even indirect, with the provisions of the articles of the bill […], would be considered inadmissible on the basis of Article 45 of the Constitution “.
By the end of last week, the undermining work had already begun and Matthieu Orphelin deplored the rejection of one of his amendments to regulate junk food advertising aimed at children:
The absurdity organized by the majority🙈 pic.twitter.com/HS7Gomrvti
– Matteo ORPHAN (@M_Orphan) March 5, 2021
“ This article 45 is one of the weapons used by the majority to gag the democratic debate. There is an increase in the use of such items “, notes Mathilde Panot. In concrete terms, other amendments on forests, or on advertising, could be judged inadmissible because they are unrelated to the climate, according to the appreciation of the majority. “ The issue of Article 45 is fundamental, confirms Delphine Batho. The majority could make sure they use all the weapons in the V.is Republic so that the proposals of the CCC it cannot even be presented to Parliament. Yet it was Emmanuel Macron’s promise … “
Parliamentary debate is voluntary “ sloppy “by the government
Generation Ecology MP also deplores the very short deadlines which forced parliamentarians and their teams to work urgently. “ The bill was expected from September and we only received it in February, complaint. All parliamentary teams work in degraded conditions. We spend sleepless nights tabling amendments before 8 March. We are warned at the last minute for the special commission hearings and sometimes they are simultaneous, it is difficult to be anywhere “.
- On 30 September 2020, in Matignon, the Minister for Ecological Transition, Barbara Pompili, and the Prime Minister, Jean Castex, received the members of the Citizen’s Climate Convention.
For Delphine Batho, this tight legislative calendar is the result of a government choice. “ It is a political will to have dragged the debate over this law. These conditions of debate do not risk giving credit to the work of the CCC. “ Mathilde Panot is also of this opinion. He believes the parliamentary debate is “ sloppy “ :
The submission of amendments was normally scheduled for the Friday before the evaluation of the CCC, is delusional. This is why we wanted and obtained to postpone the deposit by a week. But the constitutional law on article 1er it will be discussed in the assembly at the same time as the climate law, the deputies will have to dissolve, it is not serious. “
The special commission then has two weeks to consider more than five thousand amendments before presenting the text in plenary session on March 29 to parliamentarians. Again, the expedited procedure will allow the government to move quickly, as the bill will only be read once per house of Parliament – National Assembly and then Senate – before being adopted.
Source: Justin Carrette for Reporter
. chapô: National Assembly. Troy /Flickr
. ministers: © Christophe Archambault /AFP
. Matthieu Orphelin © Mathieu Génon /Reporter